to wash herself in the orchard: for it was hot weather. (13:5) "There were two of the ancients of the people appointed judges that year. Because they were elders of the people and judges, the assembly believed them and condemned her to death. All rights reserved. 30she came with her parents, children and all her relatives. But it happened, while they watched for an opportune day, that she entered at a particular time, just as yesterday and the day before, with only two maids, and she wanted to wash in the orchard, because it was so hot. Sextus Julius Africanus did not regard the story as canonical. 38When we, in a corner of the garden, saw this lawlessness, we ran toward them. Shakespeare refers to this biblical episode in the trial scene of The Merchant of Venice, where first Shylock and then Gratiano praise Portia as being "A second Daniel" because of her sound judgments. When they asked each other the reason, they admitted their lust, and then they agreed to look for an occasion when they could find her alone. 63Hilkiah and his wife praised God for their daughter Susanna, with Joakim her husband and all her relatives, because she was found innocent of any shameful deed. Daniel 13 Einheitsübersetzung 2016 Susanna und Daniel 1 In Babylon wohnte ein Mann mit Namen Jojakim. 14 But turning back, they met again; and when each pressed the other for the reason, they confessed their lust. It is listed in Article VI of the 39 Articles of the Church of England among the books which are read "for example of life and instruction of manners", but not for the formation of doctrine. 2 He married the daughter of Hilkiah, named Susanna, a very beautiful woman and one who feared the Lord. Origen received the story as part of the 'divine books' and censured 'wicked presbyters' who did not recognize its authenticity (Hom Lev 1.3. The great difference in size between a mastic and an oak makes the elders' lie plain to all the observers. Don t look for it in the Protestant Bible, though. 40Then we seized this one and asked who the young man was, 13. 6These men, to whom all brought their cases, frequented the house of Joakim. Some treatments, especially in the Baroque period, emphasize the drama, others concentrate on the nude; a 19th-century version by Francesco Hayez (National Gallery, London) has no elders visible at all. "Let us go home, for it is lunch time." For if I do this, it will mean death for me; if I do not, I cannot escape your hands. In the presence of the people they said, 29 “Send for Susanna daughter of Hilkiah, the wife of Joakim.” 30 So they sent for her. He consciously included pubic hair, unlike the statue-like images of classical art. 56Putting him to one side, he ordered the other one to be brought. But he, while standing in the midst of them, said, "Are you so foolish, sons of Israel, that without judging and without knowing what the truth is, you have condemned a daughter of Israel? This lie has cost you your head, for the angel of God has received the sentence from God and will immediately cut[c] you in two.”, 56 Then, putting him to one side, he ordered them to bring the other. 2 And he received a wife named Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah, who was very beautiful and God-fearing. These frequented the house of Joakim, and all came to them, who had need of judgment. ", (13:2) "And he took a wife whose name was Susanna ... Here I am about to die, though I have done none of the things for which these men have condemned me.”, 44The Lord heard her prayer. [1] It is not included in the Jewish Tanakh and is not mentioned in early Jewish literature,[2] although the text does appear to have been part of the original Septuagint from the 2nd century BC,[3] and was revised by Theodotion, a Hellenistic Jewish redactor of the Septuagint text (c. 150 AD). Susanna was written in the Greek language and probably dates around the 1st or 2nd Century BC. Susannah and the Elders by Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (late Baroque). Daniel 13:1–64 N ow there was a man that dwelt in Babylon, and his name was Joakim: 2 And he took a wife, whose name was Susanna, the daughter of Helcias, a very beautiful woman, and one that feared God. 64And from that day onward Daniel was greatly esteemed by the people. Used by permission. Susanna (Hebrew: שׁוֹשַׁנָּה‎, Modern: Šošana, Tiberian: Šôšannâ: "lily"), also called Susanna and the Elders, is a narrative included in the Book of Daniel (as chapter 13) by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches. 35As she wept she looked up to heaven, for she trusted in the Lord wholeheartedly. And so, when they were divided, one from the other, he called one of them, and he said to him, "You deep-rooted ancient evil, now your sins have come out, which you have committed before, judging unjust judgments, oppressing the innocent, and setting free the guilty, though the Lord declares, 'The innocent and the just you must not put to death. It is listed in Article VI of the 39 Articles of the Church of England among the books which are read "for example of life and instruction of manners", but not for the formation of doctrine. But Hilkiah and his wife praised God for their daughter, Susanna, with Joakim, her husband, and all her relatives, because there had been found in her no disgrace. In the Greek text, the names of the trees cited by the elders form puns with the sentence given by Daniel. ", (13:15) "And it fell out, as they watched a fit day ... to wash herself in the orchard: for it was hot weather. 21 If you refuse, we will testify against you that a young man was with you, and this was why you sent your maids away.”, 22 Susanna groaned and said, “I am completely trapped. 58 Now then, tell me: Under what tree did you catch them being intimate with each other?” He answered, “Under an evergreen oak.”[d] 59 Daniel said to him, “Very well! The second says they were under an evergreen oak tree (ὑπο πρίνον, hypo prinon), and Daniel says that an angel stands ready to saw (πρίσαι, prisai) him in two. “Your fine lie has cost you your head,” said Daniel; “for the angel of God has already received the sentence from God and shall split you in two.” 9They perverted their thinking; they would not allow their eyes to look to heaven, and did not keep in mind just judgments. And, having put him aside, he commanded the other to approach, and he said to him, "You offspring of Canaan, and not of Judah, beauty has deceived you, and desire has perverted your heart. And Cyrus the Persian received his kingdom. ", (13:16) "And there was nobody there, but the two old men that had hid themselves and were beholding her.". 52 So when they were put asunder one from the other, he called one of them, and said to him: O thou that art grown old in evil days, now are thy sins come out, which thou hast committed before: 53 In judging unjust judgments, oppressing the innocent, and letting the guilty to go free, whereas the Lord saith: The innocent and the just thou shalt not kill. And then the entire assembly cried out in a loud voice, and they blessed God, who saves those who hope in him. And weeping, she gazed up to heaven, for her heart had faith in the Lord. And then they agreed to set a time when they would be able to find her alone. 13 One day, having parted with the words, 'Let us go home, then, it is time for the midday meal,' they went off in different directions, ... 45 and, as she was being led away to die, he roused the holy spirit residing in a young boy called Daniel. Yet the two appointed elders, rising up in the midst of the people, set their hands upon her head. 15 And it fell out, as they watched a fit day, she went in on a time, as yesterday and the day before, with two maids only, and was desirous to wash herself in the orchard: for it was hot weather. 42 Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, and said: O eternal God, who knowest hidden things, who knowest all things before they come to pass. But Daniel said, "Truly, you have lied against your own head. So give in to our desire, and lie with us. And the elders saw her entering and walking around every day, and they were inflamed with desire towards her. 16Nobody else was there except the two elders, who had hidden themselves and were watching her. 2who married a very beautiful and God-fearing woman, Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah;

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