The demarcated portions on … Due to strong domestic demand, Bangladesh emerged as one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. One thousand people died and 30 million became homeless, 130,000 livestock died, 50 km2 of land was destroyed and 11,000 km of roads were severely damaged or completely destroyed. A depression called the Bhar Basin extends southeast from the Barind for about 100 miles (160 km) to the confluence of the Padma and Jamuna. There is also a Deputy Speaker. The electronics industry is growing rapidly with contributions from companies like the Walton Group.

[350] A community survey of 6,183 individuals in rural Bangladesh found a gender difference in treatment-seeking behaviour, with women less likely to seek treatment than to men. [295] The country ranks fifth worldwide in the number of renewable energy green jobs, and solar panels are increasingly used to power urban and off-grid rural areas.[296]. Your email address will not be published.

[352] The use of skilled birth attendant (SBA) services, however, rose from 2005 to 2007 among women from all socioeconomic quintiles except the highest. None of the three completed their terms, and resigned from office.

The north-south ranges are generally below 2,000 feet (600 metres) in elevation. Now around 40 Film Society active in all over Bangladesh. The shalwar kameez is also widely worn by Bangladeshi women. Bangladesh was ranked 146th among 180 countries on Transparency International's 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index. In the tribal Hill Tracts, bamboo shoot cooking is prevalent. As a result, almost the entire country except the capital Dacca was liberated by Bangladesh Forces by late November. Freedom of the media remains a major concern, due to government attempts at censorship and the harassment of journalists. [54] In 1666, the Mughals expelled the Arakanese from Chittagong. The Bangladeshi press is diverse, outspoken and privately owned.

Alongside are national days like the remembrance of 21 February 1952 Language Movement Day (declared as International Mother Language Day by UNESCO in 1999),[380] Independence Day and Victory Day. Dhaka is also home to numerous government colleges, a nuclear-science training and research centre, the national library, a museum, and the national art gallery. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [348][349], Healthcare facilities in Bangladesh is considered less than adequate, although they have improved as poverty levels have decreased significantly. [187], The Chital deer are widely seen in southwestern woodlands. The flush deck of Bengali rice ships was later replicated in European shipbuilding to replace the stepped deck design for ship hulls.

By August 1972, the new state was recognised by 86 countries. It houses important collections from both the pre-Islamic and Islamic periods, including the sculptures of the Pala-Sena School of Art and the Indus Valley Civilization; as well as Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian manuscripts and inscriptions. Bangladesh is a country with a large population which is located in the continent/region of Asia.. Countries near Bangladesh include Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and India.. Its biggest cities and towns include Chandpur, Bhola, Raypur and Ramganj. A. K. Fazlul Huq of the Krishak Praja Party was elected as the first Prime Minister of Bengal. This election was deemed illegitimate, so a system of a caretaker government was introduced to oversee the transfer of power and a new election was held in June 1996, overseen by Justice Muhammad Habibur Rahman, the first Chief Adviser of Bangladesh. A conservative Islamic cleric, Haji Shariatullah, sought to overthrow the British by propagating Islamic revivalism. By the 11th century people lived in systemically-aligned housing, buried their dead, and manufactured copper ornaments and black and red pottery. [69] One of the notable Muslim preachers was Shah Jalal who arrived in the region of Sylhet in 1303 with many other disciples to preach the religion to the people. The Bengal Provincial Muslim League was formed in 1913 to advocate civil rights for Bengali Muslims within a constitutional framework. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

[365] Other renaissance icons included Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. The Constitution of Bangladesh declares Islam the state religion, but bans religion-based politics. The first feature film in East Pakistan, Mukh O Mukhosh, was released in 1956. According to the World Bank, poor governance, corruption and weak public institutions are also major challenges. Although many areas are protected under law, a large portion of Bangladeshi wildlife is threatened by this growth. The American multinational corporation Chevron produces 50 percent of Bangladesh's natural gas.
Bangladesh, located in the north of the Bay of Bengal, almost isolated in India with a small border with Burma, stretches 440 km from east to west and 760 km from north-west to south-east. [204][205] Most of Bangladesh's military equipment comes from China.

Pithas are traditional boiled desserts made with rice or fruits. Kazakhstan Map. Bangladesh is ranked "partly free" in Freedom House's Freedom in the World report,[240] but its press is ranked "not free".
The provisional government issued a proclamation that became the country's interim constitution and declared "equality, human dignity and social justice" as its fundamental principles. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bangladesh is bordered by the Indian states: by West Bengal in the north and west; Assam in the north; Meghalaya in the north and northeast; Tripura and Mizoram in the east.

The Art Institute Dhaka has been an important center for visual art in the region. [45], Greek and Roman records of the ancient Gangaridai Kingdom, which (according to legend) deterred the invasion of Alexander the Great, are linked to the fort city in Wari-Bateshwar. Rice preparations also include Bengali biryanis, pulaos, and khichuris. [251], Secularism is protected by the constitution of Bangladesh and religious parties are barred from contesting elections; however, the government is accused of courting religious extremist groups. The Sundarbans tiger project and the Bangladesh Bear Project are among the key initiatives to strengthen conservation. [374] Numerous lyric-based musical traditions, varying from one region to the next, exist, including Gombhira, Bhatiali and Bhawaiya.

[48] Roman geographers noted a large seaport in southeastern Bengal, corresponding to the present-day Chittagong region.[49]. Among the city’s major industries are jute processing and the manufacture of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, leather goods, ceramics, and electronics products. [334] In 1972, Bangladesh was South Asia's first constitutionally-secular country. The Bay of Bengal is located in Asia, and it borders four countries: Bangladesh is to its northern, Myanmar to its east, and India and Sri Lanka to its west. [89] Bengal was one of the first regions in Asia to have a railway. [245] Targets have included Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank, secularist bloggers and independent and pro-opposition newspapers and television networks. Zia, a former first lady, led a BNP government from 1990 to 1996. The two regions have several differences, however.

The Mymensingh Museum houses the personal antique collections of Bengali aristocrats in central Bengal.

Portuguese ( top left) at the Royal Court of emperor Akbar. [102] The Pakistani government built the controversial Kaptai Dam, displacing the Chakma people from their indigenous homeland in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Christmas is a public holiday.

General Yahya Khan assumed power, reintroducing martial law. Two decades after Vasco Da Gama's landing in Calicut, the Bengal Sultanate gave permission for the Portuguese settlement in Chittagong to be established in 1528. [citation needed] The Arakan region was brought under Bengali hegemony.

Jute exports remain significant, although the global jute trade has shrunk considerably since its World War II peak. According to senior World Bank officials, Pakistan practised extensive economic discrimination against East Pakistan: greater government spending on West Pakistan, financial transfers from East to West Pakistan, the use of East Pakistan's foreign-exchange surpluses to finance West Pakistani imports, and refusal by the central government to release funds allocated to East Pakistan because the previous spending had been under budget;[106] though East Pakistan generated 70 percent of Pakistan's export revenue with its jute and tea.

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